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Archive for the ‘Deforestation’ Category

Deforestation in the Amazon

Amazon Basin

Amazon Basin

Between May 2000 and August 2006, Brazil

lost nearly 150,000 square kilometers of forest—an area larger than Greece—and since 1970, over 600,000 square kilometers (232,000 square miles) of Amazon rainforest have been destroyed. Why is Brazil losing so much forest? What can be done to slow deforestation?

Why is the Brazilian Amazon being Destroyed?

In many tropical countries, the majority of deforestation results from the actions of poor subsistence cultivators. However, in Brazil only about one-third of recent deforestation can be linked to “shifted” cultivators. Historically a large portion of deforestation in Brazil can be attributed to land clearing for pastureland by commercial and speculative interests, misguided government policies, inappropriate World Bank projects, and commercial exploitation of forest resources. For effective action it is imperative that these issues be addressed. Focusing solely on the promotion of sustainable use by local people would neglect the most important forces behind deforestation in Brazil.
Brazilian deforestation is strongly correlated to the economic health of the country: the decline in deforestation from 1988-1991 nicely matched the economic slowdown during the same period, while the rocketing rate of deforestation from 1993-1998 paralleled Brazil’s period of rapid economic growth. During lean times, ranchers and developers do not have the cash to rapidly expand their pasturelands and operations, while the government lacks funds to sponsor highways and colonization programs and grant tax breaks and subsidies to forest exploiters.

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Planetary Emergency - Did You Know?

with one comment

Written by MEATtheFACTS.org

November 4th, 2008 at 1:28 am

URGENCY - Climage Change IS Happening Now!

“We are all toast if we don’t get on another path.”
James Hansen, Director of the NASA Goddard Institute of Space Sciences

“We have 18 months left to halt global warming.” (May, 2008)
His Royal Highness Prince Charles, Prince of Wales

“We are so close to the red line, we may wake up tomorrow and discover
there is nothing left to save.”
Maneka Gandhi, Former Indian Environment Minister

“We are in a planetary emergency.”
Al Gore, former US Vice President

RESOURCES:
NASA Scientist: Fix Climate or 'We're Toast'
(Live Science)
Prince Charles: Eighteen months to stop climate change disaster
(Telegraph)
The world may have nothing left to save tomorrow: Maneka Gandhi
(India eNews)
Al Gore: "Planetary Emergency!"
(Fog City Journal)

Biodiversity

Deforestation

Deforestation

Livestock takes up 30% of the earth’s land surface which was once habitable for wildlife.

Tropical forests hold half of the world’s species which are becoming extinct an alarming rate due to deforestation for meat production.

Oceans empty of fish and ecosystems are destroyed due to industrial fishing, animal wastes, and agricultural pollutants.

RESOURCES:
Livestock’s Long Shadow (p32, p185-p188)
(UN Food and Agriculture Organization, 2007)
Why are rainforests so important?
(Cool Earth)
Salt-Water Fish Extinction Seen By 2048
(CBS News)

Written by MEATtheFACTS.org

September 22nd, 2008 at 12:54 am

Less Than “18 Months”

Prince Charles on Deforestation:

(European Parliament, 14 February 2008)

“We have 18 months to halt deforestation of the rain forests to preserve life on this planet.”

“Emissions (from deforestation) are comparable to those generated by the production of electricity and heat.”

“…we are destroying our planet’s air-conditioning system.”

“Amazonia’s forests alone help to store the largest body of flowing freshwater on the planet. They release 20 billion tonnes of it into the atmosphere every day…”

RESOURCES:
A speech by HRH The Prince of Wales on climate change
to the European Parliament in Brussels (14th February 2008)
(The Prince of Wales)
VIDEO: The Prince of Wales speaks about the world's rainforests
(YouTube)

 

Written by MEATtheFACTS.org

September 22nd, 2008 at 12:36 am

Deforestation

Each second, an area of tropical rain forest the size of a football field is destroyed to produce 257 hamburgers.*

In the next 24 hours, deforestation releases as much CO2 into the atmosphere as 8 million people flying from London to New York.

The average car produces 3 kg/day of CO2.

Clearing rain forest to produce beef for one hamburger produces 75 kg of CO2.

Livestock production is responsible for 90% of the Amazon deforestation since 1970 to clear land for pasture and feed crops.

*This produces an astonishing 19,275 kg of CO2 per second.

Eating Up the Amazon(p.5, p.44, PDF)
(Green Peace)
Livestock, Development & Deforestation Brazil's Amazon
(Center for International Forestry Research)
Meat is NOT Green

Written by MEATtheFACTS.org

September 22nd, 2008 at 12:33 am

Meat-Free Advantages

Environment

  • Stops 70% of deforestation
  • Uses 2/3 less fossil fuels
  • Reduces pollution from untreated animal waste
  • Maintains cleaner air
  • Saves up to 4.5 tons of emissions per household per year
  • Stops 80% of global warming
  • Vegetarian diet will cut more greenhouse gas emissions than switching to a hybrid car
  • Eating vegan 1 day per week reduces emissions more than eating locally produced food all year

Stop World Starvation

  • The 760 million tones of grain fed to animals could feed over 11 billion people.
  • It could cover the global food shortage 14 times.

Quicker & Easier Results

  • Turnover rate of farm animals is 1 to 2 years, while turnover rate of cars & power plants, etc. can be decades.
  • Methane can disappear from the atmosphere in 9 to 15 years, while CO2 can stay in the atmosphere for more than a century.
  • Introduction of new techniques and further research takes many years.
  • Cut in CO2 involves fighting powerful and wealthy business interests, while veggie foods are readily available.

 

Written by MEATtheFACTS.org

September 22nd, 2008 at 12:12 am